Bitcoin Gold Kaufen Alles Wichtige zum Kauf von BTG ...
Cold Wallets - Erklärung & Tipps für Anfänger
well yes, all the bitcoins were drained from OKEx's hot and cold wallets and sent to Binance, but we want to reassure our valued customers that we are only down for urgent unplanned maintenance and your funds are snafu
Any suggestions for the safety wallet to store bitcoin ? I have left an amount on binance and now I need somewhere trustworthy. I've already know about cold wallet to store it but some problems happened so I need to find a place temporarily. I think about Trust wallet but does it safe ?
Ultimate glossary of crypto currency terms, acronyms and abbreviations
I lost it all (this my old rogerver bcashy troll account btw) I don’t even know how to start but as of yesterday I’m officially broke, I ruined my life and future. I’m a 23yrs guy, my journey with Bitcoin started in 2014. I bought it to actually use it not sure if people do that nowadays? but The HODL journey didn’t start until the beginning of 2017 as I notice the $ value in my blockchain wallet steadily increasing didn’t even know how or why it was increasing I thought it was a glitch making me free money for this reason I decided to go ALL IN I dumped my life saving into Bitcoin. price was around 1-2K $ and I was able to get 11 BTC in total. Unfortunately before the Bullrun start I lost around 4 coin due to ICO"s scams and just buying shitcooins in poloniex with zero trading knowledge(had a great time with the trollbox). After my loss I took my coins out of the exchange and held in a cold wallet, Fast forwards September 2017 the price kept going up I couldn’t even believe it specially after it broke past 10k I was so euphoric matter fact I was chilling in here, in this subreddit celebrating with everyone posting memes etc.. When BTC hit 20k my greedy asss still didnt wanna sell I didn’t have a price target I though it will keep going up forever. It was going so quick I couldn’t even process what was happening I told my siblings I was rich they told me to sell this bubble but I said "HELL NO! I was part of the moonboy gang we don’t sell we HOODL" I was 19 at the time. seeing this type of money was unreal I had more than 6 fucking figures in my wallet. Eventually we topped out at 20k I didn’t sell although the price kept going down and down and Depression started to hit after we dropped below 10k specially when it went down more near the 3k level I started to regret everything kicking my self for not listening to my siblings when they told me sell. Nonetheless I still had faith in Bitcoin and knew one day we will recover but I needed to accepted the fact that it might take months maybe years to get back to ath. for this reason I disconnected from the crypto community I had to forget about Bitcoin so I shifted my focus somewhere else luckily I stumbled across this popular game called “Fortnite” it took all my time and distraction away from my crypto for a good year or two I barely even noticed the peak of 2019. Anyways mid-late 2019 I got heavy in the stock market I started to see all these guru make insane amount of money just day trading. I was more of an investor type guy but I consumed so much information about day trading and how the psychological aspect is so important, I guess I mastered a bit of that by holding Bitcoin throughout the bear market. Anyways recently in August during the Bitcoin rally I though I had enough skills and decided it was finally time for me to trade Bitcoin specially because it was tradable 24/7 I wanted to start increasing my money and stop sitting on my coins I've had enough of the bear market I thought it was gonna be another P&D episode specially after I started to get deeper in the Crypto community and understood how price moves. I used to be Bitcoin maximalist but then I started to notice the suspicious activity around bitcoin, I came to realize that bitcoin was not the same as it was before, these toxic unregulated entities have turned bitcoin into a giant ponzi playground with everyone being brainwashed by these crypto twitter advocates who are nothing but CZ binance acting puppets. I know it sound crazy but it’s true, the receipt it out to the public, the price is manipulated by Tetther Mafia and these scam exchange. I don’t believe in conspiracy but neither do I believe in coincidence, I witnessed this fraud my own eyes, Whale-alert notified me every time Tetther printed new money and sent it to exchanges and next thing you the price went up. Ever since they added derivative I assume they manipulate the price in spot to liquidate future traders. This whole rally was propt by Tetther mafia using the overall condition in the market as an excuse to attempt artificial FOMO and bring real liquidity in this fake liquidity pool. As the fraud was getting more obvious I started to despise Bitcoin and traded the ponzi based off emotions I neglected the technicals I didn’t have risk management and eventually got liquidated. This is my 3yr+ journey went from 11 btc to 0.. I feel horrible,sad, hopeless and disappointed this was my whole networth vanished in 1-2month. I deprived myself from so many things these last few years hoping my investment grows enough to fund my future. My family still think I’m holding Bitcoins I feel so bad I let them down not sure I'll be able to recover from this. Ps: for those saying Tetther is an old conspiracy trust me this time is different and incomparable to the previous years, the fraud is fully transparent now. Their activity has been very suspicious and concerning lately I’m sensing a major exit-scam. this will impact the whole crypto space because this unbacked counterfeit USD holds most if not all the order book liquidity.
Hi everyone, this news on Strike was posted more than 2 weeks ago, but I’m afraid it didn’t get enough traction in my opinion. Original Post on Strike App Supporting On-Chain Txns Exchanges these days should be called what they are: shitcoin casinos. Gemini, Coinbase, Binance, Bittrex, and all the others that sell pump and dump shitcoins, are our enemies. There’s no two ways around it. Coinbase is running Public Relations in full force to make it seem like they support bitcoin development when they want to provide grants for core developers. In reality, they could care less about the development as long as they get their bottom line, which is to pull in suckers. Have you heard the phrase, “If you don’t know who the sucker in the room is, it’s you”? Well you are the sucker every single time if you are trying to trade bitcoin and shitcoins. It’s time to support bitcoin only companies. That means buying ColdCard hardware wallets that have bitcoin only firmware. That means buying from River Financial (will be largest brokerage in the future), Swan Bitcoin (auto DCA with withdrawals only), CashApp, and Fold (bitcoin back on gift card purchases). Anything less is you not supporting bitcoin adoption. I’d like to circle back to the point of this post: what Jack Maller’s Strike App has done is make exchanges completely irrelevant. Gone are the insane and wack percentage fees that cause you to miss out on hodling even more precious sats. Your bank checking account now literally speaks bitcoin. It’s not just a lightning network based app that allows you to pay only lightning network invoices. You can also just pay for the on-chain transaction fee to your legacy address (1), segwit address (3), or native segwit bech 32 address (bc1). So when you plan to stack sats in the United States, I highly recommend you skip the outrageous fees and send bitcoin instantaneously to your ColdCard or whatever hardware wallet you own with ease. Simply deposit the money within the Strike App from your bank checking account, and paste or scan your bitcoin address. Clarify the amount you want to send and tap confirm. I can’t stress this enough - the ONLY fee associated with the purchase is the on-chain transaction fee. I hope this post gets more traction and that word spreads to keep people from getting suckered.
Stakenet (XSN) - A DEX with interchain capabilities (BTC-ETH), Huge Potential [Full Writeup]
Preface Full disclosure here; I am heavily invested in this. I have picked up some real gems from here and was only in the position to buy so much of this because of you guys so I thought it was time to give back. I only invest in Utility Coins. These are coins that actually DO something, and provide new/build upon the crypto infrastructure to work towards the end goal that Bitcoin itself set out to achieve(financial independence from the fiat banking system). This way, I avoid 99% of the scams in crypto that are functionless vapourware, and if you only invest in things that have strong fundamentals in the long term you are much more likely to make money. Introduction
Stakenet is a Lightning Network-ready open-source platform for decentralized applications with its native cryptocurrency – XSN. It is powered by a Proof of Stake blockchain with trustless cold staking and Masternodes. Its use case is to provide a highly secure cross-chain infrastructure for these decentralized applications, where individuals can easily operate with any blockchain simply by using Stakenet and its native currency XSN.
Ok... but what does it actually do and solve? The moonshot here is the DEX (Decentralised Exchange) that they are building. This is a lightning-network DEX with interchain capabilities. That means you could trade BTC directly for ETH; securely, instantly, cheaply and privately. Right now, most crypto is traded to and from Centralised Exchanges like Binance. To buy and sell on these exchanges, you have to send your crypto wallets on that exchange. That means the exchanges have your private keys, and they have control over your funds. When you use a centralised exchange, you are no longer in control of your assets, and depend on the trustworthiness of middlemen. We have in the past of course seen infamous exit scams by centralised exchanges like Mt. Gox. The alternative? Decentralised Exchanges. DEX's have no central authority and most importantly, your private keys(your crypto) never leavesYOUR possession and are never in anyone else's possession. So you can trade peer-to-peer without any of the drawbacks of Centralised Exchanges. The problem is that this technology has not been perfected yet, and the DEX's that we have available to us now are not providing cheap, private, quick trading on a decentralised medium because of their technological inadequacies. Take Uniswap for example. This DEX accounts for over 60% of all DEX volume and facilitates trading of ERC-20 tokens, over the Ethereum blockchain. The problem? Because of the huge amount of transaction that are occurring over the Ethereum network, this has lead to congestion(too many transaction for the network to handle at one time) so the fees have increased dramatically. Another big problem? It's only for Ethereum. You cant for example, Buy LINK with BTC. You must use ETH. The solution? Layer 2 protocols. These are layers built ON TOP of existing blockchains, that are designed to solve the transaction and scaling difficulties that crypto as a whole is facing today(and ultimately stopping mass adoption) The developers at Stakenet have seen the big picture, and have decided to implement the lightning network(a layer 2 protocol) into its DEX from the ground up. This will facilitate the functionalities of a DEX without any of the drawbacks of the CEX's and the DEX's we have today. Heres someone much more qualified than me, Andreas Antonopoulos, to explain this https://streamable.com/kzpimj 'Once we have efficient, well designed DEX's on layer 2, there wont even be any DEX's on layer 1' Progress The Stakenet team were the first to envision this grand solution and have been working on it since its conception in June 2019. They have been making steady progress ever since and right now, the DEX is in an open beta stage where rigorous testing is constant by themselves and the public. For a project of this scale, stress testing is paramount. If the product were to launch with any bugs/errors that would result in the loss of a users funds, this would obviously be very damaging to Stakenet's reputation. So I believe that the developers conservative approach is wise. As of now the only pairs tradeable on the DEX are XSN/BTC and LTC/BTC. The DEX has only just launched as a public beta and is not in its full public release stage yet. As development moves forward more lightning network and atomic swap compatible coins will be added to the DEX, and of course, the team are hard at work on Raiden Integration - this will allow ETH and tokens on the Ethereum blockchain to be traded on the DEX between separate blockchains(instantly, cheaply, privately) This is where Stakenet enters top 50 territory on CMC if successful and is the true value here. Raiden Integration is well underway is being tested in a closed public group on Linux. The full public DEX with Raiden Integration is expected to release by the end of the year. Given the state of development so far and the rate of progress, this seems realistic. Tokenomics 2.6 Metrics overview (from whitepaper)
Ticker: XSN. Currency type: Coin.
Consensus: Minting Proof of Stake, Trustless Proof of Stake.
XSN is slightly inflationary, much like ETH as this is necessary for the economy to be adopted and work in the long term. There is however a deflationary mechanism in place - all trading fees on the DEX get converted to XSN and 10% of these fees are burned. This puts constant buying pressure on XSN and acts as a deflationary mechanism. XSN has inherent value because it makes up the infrastructure that the DEX will run off and as such Masternode operators and Stakers will see the fee's from the DEX. Conclusion We can clearly see that a layer 2 DEX is the future of crypto currency trading. It will facilitate secure, cheap, instant and private trading across all coins with lightning capabilities, thus solving the scaling and transaction issues that are holding back crypto today. I dont need to tell you the implications of this, and what it means for crypto as a whole. If Stakenet can launch a layer 2 DEX with Raiden Integration, It will become the primary DEX in terms of volume. Stakenet DEX will most likely be the first layer 2 DEX(first mover advantage) and its blockchain is the infrastructure that will host this DEX and subsequently receive it's trading fee's. It is not difficult to envision a time in the next year when Stakenet DEX is functional and hosting hundreds of millions of dollars worth of trading every single day. At $30 million market cap, I cant see any other potential investment right now with this much potential upside. This post has merely served as in introduction and a heads up for this project, there is MUCH more to cover like vortex liquidity, masternodes, TOR integration... for now, here is some additional reading. Resources
Summary: Everyone knows that when you give your assets to someone else, they always keep them safe. If this is true for individuals, it is certainly true for businesses. Custodians always tell the truth and manage funds properly. They won't have any interest in taking the assets as an exchange operator would. Auditors tell the truth and can't be misled. That's because organizations that are regulated are incapable of lying and don't make mistakes. First, some background. Here is a summary of how custodians make us more secure: Previously, we might give Alice our crypto assets to hold. There were risks:
Alice might take the assets and disappear.
Alice might spend the assets and pretend that she still has them (fractional model).
Alice might store the assets insecurely and they'll get stolen.
Alice might give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force.
Alice might lose access to the assets.
But "no worries", Alice has a custodian named Bob. Bob is dressed in a nice suit. He knows some politicians. And he drives a Porsche. "So you have nothing to worry about!". And look at all the benefits we get:
Alice can't take the assets and disappear (unless she asks Bob or never gives them to Bob).
Alice can't spend the assets and pretend that she still has them. (Unless she didn't give them to Bob or asks him for them.)
Alice can't store the assets insecurely so they get stolen. (After all - she doesn't have any control over the withdrawal process from any of Bob's systems, right?)
Alice can't give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force. (Bob will stop her, right Bob?)
Alice can't lose access to the funds. (She'll always be present, sane, and remember all secrets, right?)
See - all problems are solved! All we have to worry about now is:
Bob might take the assets and disappear.
Bob might spend the assets and pretend that he still has them (fractional model).
Bob might store the assets insecurely and they'll get stolen.
Bob might give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force.
Bob might lose access to the assets.
It's pretty simple. Before we had to trust Alice. Now we only have to trust Alice, Bob, and all the ways in which they communicate. Just think of how much more secure we are! "On top of that", Bob assures us, "we're using a special wallet structure". Bob shows Alice a diagram. "We've broken the balance up and store it in lots of smaller wallets. That way", he assures her, "a thief can't take it all at once". And he points to a historic case where a large sum was taken "because it was stored in a single wallet... how stupid". "Very early on, we used to have all the crypto in one wallet", he said, "and then one Christmas a hacker came and took it all. We call him the Grinch. Now we individually wrap each crypto and stick it under a binary search tree. The Grinch has never been back since." "As well", Bob continues, "even if someone were to get in, we've got insurance. It covers all thefts and even coercion, collusion, and misplaced keys - only subject to the policy terms and conditions." And with that, he pulls out a phone-book sized contract and slams it on the desk with a thud. "Yep", he continues, "we're paying top dollar for one of the best policies in the country!" "Can I read it?' Alice asks. "Sure," Bob says, "just as soon as our legal team is done with it. They're almost through the first chapter." He pauses, then continues. "And can you believe that sales guy Mike? He has the same year Porsche as me. I mean, what are the odds?" "Do you use multi-sig?", Alice asks. "Absolutely!" Bob replies. "All our engineers are fully trained in multi-sig. Whenever we want to set up a new wallet, we generate 2 separate keys in an air-gapped process and store them in this proprietary system here. Look, it even requires the biometric signature from one of our team members to initiate any withdrawal." He demonstrates by pressing his thumb into the display. "We use a third-party cloud validation API to match the thumbprint and authorize each withdrawal. The keys are also backed up daily to an off-site third-party." "Wow that's really impressive," Alice says, "but what if we need access for a withdrawal outside of office hours?" "Well that's no issue", Bob says, "just send us an email, call, or text message and we always have someone on staff to help out. Just another part of our strong commitment to all our customers!" "What about Proof of Reserve?", Alice asks. "Of course", Bob replies, "though rather than publish any blockchain addresses or signed transaction, for privacy we just do a SHA256 refactoring of the inverse hash modulus for each UTXO nonce and combine the smart contract coefficient consensus in our hyperledger lightning node. But it's really simple to use." He pushes a button and a large green checkmark appears on a screen. "See - the algorithm ran through and reserves are proven." "Wow", Alice says, "you really know your stuff! And that is easy to use! What about fiat balances?" "Yeah, we have an auditor too", Bob replies, "Been using him for a long time so we have quite a strong relationship going! We have special books we give him every year and he's very efficient! Checks the fiat, crypto, and everything all at once!" "We used to have a nice offline multi-sig setup we've been using without issue for the past 5 years, but I think we'll move all our funds over to your facility," Alice says. "Awesome", Bob replies, "Thanks so much! This is perfect timing too - my Porsche got a dent on it this morning. We have the paperwork right over here." "Great!", Alice replies. And with that, Alice gets out her pen and Bob gets the contract. "Don't worry", he says, "you can take your crypto-assets back anytime you like - just subject to our cancellation policy. Our annual management fees are also super low and we don't adjust them often". How many holes have to exist for your funds to get stolen? Just one. Why are we taking a powerful offline multi-sig setup, widely used globally in hundreds of different/lacking regulatory environments with 0 breaches to date, and circumventing it by a demonstrably weak third party layer? And paying a great expense to do so? If you go through the list of breaches in the past 2 years to highly credible organizations, you go through the list of major corporate frauds (only the ones we know about), you go through the list of all the times platforms have lost funds, you go through the list of times and ways that people have lost their crypto from identity theft, hot wallet exploits, extortion, etc... and then you go through this custodian with a fine-tooth comb and truly believe they have value to add far beyond what you could, sticking your funds in a wallet (or set of wallets) they control exclusively is the absolute worst possible way to take advantage of that security. The best way to add security for crypto-assets is to make a stronger multi-sig. With one custodian, what you are doing is giving them your cryptocurrency and hoping they're honest, competent, and flawlessly secure. It's no different than storing it on a really secure exchange. Maybe the insurance will cover you. Didn't work for Bitpay in 2015. Didn't work for Yapizon in 2017. Insurance has never paid a claim in the entire history of cryptocurrency. But maybe you'll get lucky. Maybe your exact scenario will buck the trend and be what they're willing to cover. After the large deductible and hopefully without a long and expensive court battle. And you want to advertise this increase in risk, the lapse of judgement, an accident waiting to happen, as though it's some kind of benefit to customers ("Free institutional-grade storage for your digital assets.")? And then some people are writing to the OSC that custodians should be mandatory for all funds on every exchange platform? That this somehow will make Canadians as a whole more secure or better protected compared with standard air-gapped multi-sig? On what planet? Most of the problems in Canada stemmed from one thing - a lack of transparency. If Canadians had known what a joke Quadriga was - it wouldn't have grown to lose $400m from hard-working Canadians from coast to coast to coast. And Gerald Cotten would be in jail, not wherever he is now (at best, rotting peacefully). EZ-BTC and mister Dave Smilie would have been a tiny little scam to his friends, not a multi-million dollar fraud. Einstein would have got their act together or been shut down BEFORE losing millions and millions more in people's funds generously donated to criminals. MapleChange wouldn't have even been a thing. And maybe we'd know a little more about CoinTradeNewNote - like how much was lost in there. Almost all of the major losses with cryptocurrency exchanges involve deception with unbacked funds. So it's great to see transparency reports from BitBuy and ShakePay where someone independently verified the backing. The only thing we don't have is:
ANY CERTAINTY BALANCES WEREN'T EXCLUDED. Quadriga's largest account was $70m. 80% of funds are in 20% of accounts (Pareto principle). All it takes is excluding a few really large accounts - and nobody's the wiser. A fractional platform can easily pass any audit this way.
ANY VISIBILITY WHATSOEVER INTO THE CUSTODIANS. BitBuy put out their report before moving all the funds to their custodian and ShakePay apparently can't even tell us who the custodian is. That's pretty important considering that basically all of the funds are now stored there.
ANY IDEA ABOUT THE OTHER EXCHANGES. In order for this to be effective, it has to be the norm. It needs to be "unusual" not to know. If obscurity is the norm, then it's super easy for people like Gerald Cotten and Dave Smilie to blend right in.
It's not complicated to validate cryptocurrency assets. They need to exist, they need to be spendable, and they need to cover the total balances. There are plenty of credible people and firms across the country that have the capacity to reasonably perform this validation. Having more frequent checks by different, independent, parties who publish transparent reports is far more valuable than an annual check by a single "more credible/official" party who does the exact same basic checks and may or may not publish anything. Here's an example set of requirements that could be mandated:
First report within 1 month of launching, another within 3 months, and further reports at minimum every 6 months thereafter.
No auditor can be repeated within a 12 month period.
All reports must be public, identifying the auditor and the full methodology used.
All auditors must be independent of the firm being audited with no conflict of interest.
Reports must include the percentage of each asset backed, and how it's backed.
The auditor publishes a hash list, which lists a hash of each customer's information and balances that were included. Hash is one-way encryption so privacy is fully preserved. Every customer can use this to have 100% confidence they were included.
If we want more extensive requirements on audits, these should scale upward based on the total assets at risk on the platform, and whether the platform has loaned their assets out.
There are ways to structure audits such that neither crypto assets nor customer information are ever put at risk, and both can still be properly validated and publicly verifiable. There are also ways to structure audits such that they are completely reasonable for small platforms and don't inhibit innovation in any way. By making the process as reasonable as possible, we can completely eliminate any reason/excuse that an honest platform would have for not being audited. That is arguable far more important than any incremental improvement we might get from mandating "the best of the best" accountants. Right now we have nothing mandated and tons of Canadians using offshore exchanges with no oversight whatsoever. Transparency does not prove crypto assets are safe. CoinTradeNewNote, Flexcoin ($600k), and Canadian Bitcoins ($100k) are examples where crypto-assets were breached from platforms in Canada. All of them were online wallets and used no multi-sig as far as any records show. This is consistent with what we see globally - air-gapped multi-sig wallets have an impeccable record, while other schemes tend to suffer breach after breach. We don't actually know how much CoinTrader lost because there was no visibility. Rather than publishing details of what happened, the co-founder of CoinTrader silently moved on to found another platform - the "most trusted way to buy and sell crypto" - a site that has no information whatsoever (that I could find) on the storage practices and a FAQ advising that “[t]rading cryptocurrency is completely safe” and that having your own wallet is “entirely up to you! You can certainly keep cryptocurrency, or fiat, or both, on the app.” Doesn't sound like much was learned here, which is really sad to see. It's not that complicated or unreasonable to set up a proper hardware wallet. Multi-sig can be learned in a single course. Something the equivalent complexity of a driver's license test could prevent all the cold storage exploits we've seen to date - even globally. Platform operators have a key advantage in detecting and preventing fraud - they know their customers far better than any custodian ever would. The best job that custodians can do is to find high integrity individuals and train them to form even better wallet signatories. Rather than mandating that all platforms expose themselves to arbitrary third party risks, regulations should center around ensuring that all signatories are background-checked, properly trained, and using proper procedures. We also need to make sure that signatories are empowered with rights and responsibilities to reject and report fraud. They need to know that they can safely challenge and delay a transaction - even if it turns out they made a mistake. We need to have an environment where mistakes are brought to the surface and dealt with. Not one where firms and people feel the need to hide what happened. In addition to a knowledge-based test, an auditor can privately interview each signatory to make sure they're not in coercive situations, and we should make sure they can freely and anonymously report any issues without threat of retaliation. A proper multi-sig has each signature held by a separate person and is governed by policies and mutual decisions instead of a hierarchy. It includes at least one redundant signature. For best results, 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7. History has demonstrated over and over again the risk of hot wallets even to highly credible organizations. Nonetheless, many platforms have hot wallets for convenience. While such losses are generally compensated by platforms without issue (for example Poloniex, Bitstamp, Bitfinex, Gatecoin, Coincheck, Bithumb, Zaif, CoinBene, Binance, Bitrue, Bitpoint, Upbit, VinDAX, and now KuCoin), the public tends to focus more on cases that didn't end well. Regardless of what systems are employed, there is always some level of risk. For that reason, most members of the public would prefer to see third party insurance. Rather than trying to convince third party profit-seekers to provide comprehensive insurance and then relying on an expensive and slow legal system to enforce against whatever legal loopholes they manage to find each and every time something goes wrong, insurance could be run through multiple exchange operators and regulators, with the shared interest of having a reputable industry, keeping costs down, and taking care of Canadians. For example, a 4 of 7 multi-sig insurance fund held between 5 independent exchange operators and 2 regulatory bodies. All Canadian exchanges could pay premiums at a set rate based on their needed coverage, with a higher price paid for hot wallet coverage (anything not an air-gapped multi-sig cold wallet). Such a model would be much cheaper to manage, offer better coverage, and be much more reliable to payout when needed. The kind of coverage you could have under this model is unheard of. You could even create something like the CDIC to protect Canadians who get their trading accounts hacked if they can sufficiently prove the loss is legitimate. In cases of fraud, gross negligence, or insolvency, the fund can be used to pay affected users directly (utilizing the last transparent balance report in the worst case), something which private insurance would never touch. While it's recommended to have official policies for coverage, a model where members vote would fully cover edge cases. (Could be similar to the Supreme Court where justices vote based on case law.) Such a model could fully protect all Canadians across all platforms. You can have a fiat coverage governed by legal agreements, and crypto-asset coverage governed by both multi-sig and legal agreements. It could be practical, affordable, and inclusive. Now, we are at a crossroads. We can happily give up our freedom, our innovation, and our money. We can pay hefty expenses to auditors, lawyers, and regulators year after year (and make no mistake - this cost will grow to many millions or even billions as the industry grows - and it will be borne by all Canadians on every platform because platforms are not going to eat up these costs at a loss). We can make it nearly impossible for any new platform to enter the marketplace, forcing Canadians to use the same stagnant platforms year after year. We can centralize and consolidate the entire industry into 2 or 3 big players and have everyone else fail (possibly to heavy losses of users of those platforms). And when a flawed security model doesn't work and gets breached, we can make it even more complicated with even more people in suits making big money doing the job that blockchain was supposed to do in the first place. We can build a system which is so intertwined and dependent on big government, traditional finance, and central bankers that it's future depends entirely on that of the fiat system, of fractional banking, and of government bail-outs. If we choose this path, as history has shown us over and over again, we can not go back, save for revolution. Our children and grandchildren will still be paying the consequences of what we decided today. Or, we can find solutions that work. We can maintain an open and innovative environment while making the adjustments we need to make to fully protect Canadian investors and cryptocurrency users, giving easy and affordable access to cryptocurrency for all Canadians on the platform of their choice, and creating an environment in which entrepreneurs and problem solvers can bring those solutions forward easily. None of the above precludes innovation in any way, or adds any unreasonable cost - and these three policies would demonstrably eliminate or resolve all 109 historic cases as studied here - that's every single case researched so far going back to 2011. It includes every loss that was studied so far not just in Canada but globally as well. Unfortunately, finding answers is the least challenging part. Far more challenging is to get platform operators and regulators to agree on anything. My last post got no response whatsoever, and while the OSC has told me they're happy for industry feedback, I believe my opinion alone is fairly meaningless. This takes the whole community working together to solve. So please let me know your thoughts. Please take the time to upvote and share this with people. Please - let's get this solved and not leave it up to other people to do. Facts/background/sources (skip if you like):
The inspiration for the paragraph about splitting wallets was an actual quote from a Canadian company providing custodial services in response to the OSC consultation paper: "We believe that it will be in the in best interests of investors to prohibit pooled crypto assets or ‘floats’. Most Platforms pool assets, citing reasons of practicality and expense. The recent hack of the world’s largest Platform – Binance – demonstrates the vulnerability of participants’ assets when such concessions are made. In this instance, the Platform’s entire hot wallet of Bitcoins, worth over $40 million, was stolen, facilitated in part by the pooling of client crypto assets." "the maintenance of participants (and Platform) crypto assets across multiple wallets distributes the related risk and responsibility of security - reducing the amount of insurance coverage required and making insurance coverage more readily obtainable". For the record, their reply also said nothing whatsoever about multi-sig or offline storage.
In addition to the fact that the $40m hack represented only one "hot wallet" of Binance, and they actually had the vast majority of assets in other wallets (including mostly cold wallets), multiple real cases have clearly demonstrated that risk is still present with multiple wallets. Bitfinex, VinDAX, Bithumb, Altsbit, BitPoint, Cryptopia, and just recently KuCoin all had multiple wallets breached all at the same time, and may represent a significantly larger impact on customers than the Binance breach which was fully covered by Binance. To represent that simply having multiple separate wallets under the same security scheme is a comprehensive way to reduce risk is just not true.
Private insurance has historically never covered a single loss in the cryptocurrency space (at least, not one that I was able to find), and there are notable cases where massive losses were not covered by insurance. Bitpay in 2015 and Yapizon in 2017 both had insurance policies that didn't pay out during the breach, even after a lengthly court process. The same insurance that ShakePay is presently using (and announced to much fanfare) was describe by their CEO himself as covering “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held,” which is something that has never historically happened. As was said with regard to the same policy in 2018 - “I don’t find it surprising that Lloyd’s is in this space,” said Johnson, adding that to his mind the challenge for everybody is figuring out how to structure these policies so that they are actually protective. “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.”
The most profitable policy for a private insurance company is one with the most expensive premiums that they never have to pay a claim on. They have no inherent incentive to take care of people who lost funds. It's "cheaper" to take the reputational hit and fight the claim in court. The more money at stake, the more the insurance provider is incentivized to avoid payout. They're not going to insure the assets unless they have reasonable certainty to make a profit by doing so, and they're not going to pay out a massive sum unless it's legally forced. Private insurance is always structured to be maximally profitable to the insurance provider.
The circumvention of multi-sig was a key factor in the massive Bitfinex hack of over $60m of bitcoin, which today still sits being slowly used and is worth over $3b. While Bitfinex used a qualified custodian Bitgo, which was and still is active and one of the industry leaders of custodians, and they set up 2 of 3 multi-sig wallets, the entire system was routed through Bitfinex, such that Bitfinex customers could initiate the withdrawals in a "hot" fashion. This feature was also a hit with the hacker. The multi-sig was fully circumvented.
Bitpay in 2015 was another example of a breach that stole 5,000 bitcoins. This happened not through the exploit of any system in Bitpay, but because the CEO of a company they worked with got their computer hacked and the hackers were able to request multiple bitcoin purchases, which Bitpay honoured because they came from the customer's computer legitimately. Impersonation is a very common tactic used by fraudsters, and methods get more extreme all the time.
A notable case in Canada was the Canadian Bitcoins exploit. Funds were stored on a server in a Rogers Data Center, and the attendee was successfully convinced to reboot the server "in safe mode" with a simple phone call, thus bypassing the extensive security and enabling the theft.
The very nature of custodians circumvents multi-sig. This is because custodians are not just having to secure the assets against some sort of physical breach but against any form of social engineering, modification of orders, fraudulent withdrawal attempts, etc... If the security practices of signatories in a multi-sig arrangement are such that the breach risk of one signatory is 1 in 100, the requirement of 3 independent signatures makes the risk of theft 1 in 1,000,000. Since hackers tend to exploit the weakest link, a comparable custodian has to make the entry and exit points of their platform 10,000 times more secure than one of those signatories to provide equivalent protection. And if the signatories beef up their security by only 10x, the risk is now 1 in 1,000,000,000. The custodian has to be 1,000,000 times more secure. The larger and more complex a system is, the more potential vulnerabilities exist in it, and the fewer people can understand how the system works when performing upgrades. Even if a system is completely secure today, one has to also consider how that system might evolve over time or work with different members.
By contrast, offline multi-signature solutions have an extremely solid record, and in the entire history of cryptocurrency exchange incidents which I've studied (listed here), there has only been one incident (796 exchange in 2015) involving an offline multi-signature wallet. It happened because the customer's bitcoin address was modified by hackers, and the amount that was stolen ($230k) was immediately covered by the exchange operators. Basically, the platform operators were tricked into sending a legitimate withdrawal request to the wrong address because hackers exploited their platform to change that address. Such an issue would not be prevented in any way by the use of a custodian, as that custodian has no oversight whatsoever to the exchange platform. It's practical for all exchange operators to test large withdrawal transactions as a general policy, regardless of what model is used, and general best practice is to diagnose and fix such an exploit as soon as it occurs.
False promises on the backing of funds played a huge role in the downfall of Quadriga, and it's been exposed over and over again (MyCoin, PlusToken, Bitsane, Bitmarket, EZBTC, IDAX). Even today, customers have extremely limited certainty on whether their funds in exchanges are actually being backed or how they're being backed. While this issue is not unique to cryptocurrency exchanges, the complexity of the technology and the lack of any regulation or standards makes problems more widespread, and there is no "central bank" to come to the rescue as in the 2008 financial crisis or during the great depression when "9,000 banks failed".
In addition to fraudulent operations, the industry is full of cases where operators have suffered breaches and not reported them. Most recently, Einstein was the largest case in Canada, where ongoing breaches and fraud were perpetrated against the platform for multiple years and nobody found out until the platform collapsed completely. While fraud and breaches suck to deal with, they suck even more when not dealt with. Lack of visibility played a role in the largest downfalls of Mt. Gox, Cryptsy, and Bitgrail. In some cases, platforms are alleged to have suffered a hack and keep operating without admitting it at all, such as CoinBene.
It surprises some to learn that a cryptographic solution has already existed since 2013, and gained widespread support in 2014 after Mt. Gox. Proof of Reserves is a full cryptographic proof that allows any customer using an exchange to have complete certainty that their crypto-assets are fully backed by the platform in real-time. This is accomplished by proving that assets exist on the blockchain, are spendable, and fully cover customer deposits. It does not prove safety of assets or backing of fiat assets.
If we didn't care about privacy at all, a platform could publish their wallet addresses, sign a partial transaction, and put the full list of customer information and balances out publicly. Customers can each check that they are on the list, that the balances are accurate, that the total adds up, and that it's backed and spendable on the blockchain. Platforms who exclude any customer take a risk because that customer can easily check and see they were excluded. So together with all customers checking, this forms a full proof of backing of all crypto assets.
However, obviously customers care about their private information being published. Therefore, a hash of the information can be provided instead. Hash is one-way encryption. The hash allows the customer to validate inclusion (by hashing their own known information), while anyone looking at the list of hashes cannot determine the private information of any other user. All other parts of the scheme remain fully intact. A model like this is in use on the exchange CoinFloor in the UK.
A Merkle tree can provide even greater privacy. Instead of a list of balances, the balances are arranged into a binary tree. A customer starts from their node, and works their way to the top of the tree. For example, they know they have 5 BTC, they plus 1 other customer hold 7 BTC, they plus 2-3 other customers hold 17 BTC, etc... until they reach the root where all the BTC are represented. Thus, there is no way to find the balances of other individual customers aside from one unidentified customer in this case.
Proposals such as this had the backing of leaders in the community including Nic Carter, Greg Maxwell, and Zak Wilcox. Substantial and significant effort started back in 2013, with massive popularity in 2014. But what became of that effort? Very little. Exchange operators continue to refuse to give visibility. Despite the fact this information can often be obtained through trivial blockchain analysis, no Canadian platform has ever provided any wallet addresses publicly. As described by the CEO of Newton "For us to implement some kind of realtime Proof of Reserves solution, which I'm not opposed to, it would have to ... Preserve our users' privacy, as well as our own. Some kind of zero-knowledge proof". Kraken describes here in more detail why they haven't implemented such a scheme. According to professor Eli Ben-Sasson, when he spoke with exchanges, none were interested in implementing Proof of Reserves.
And yet, Kraken's places their reasoning on a page called "Proof of Reserves". More recently, both BitBuy and ShakePay have released reports titled "Proof of Reserves and Security Audit". Both reports contain disclaimers against being audits. Both reports trust the customer list provided by the platform, leaving the open possibility that multiple large accounts could have been excluded from the process. Proof of Reserves is a blockchain validation where customers see the wallets on the blockchain. The report from Kraken is 5 years old, but they leave it described as though it was just done a few weeks ago. And look at what they expect customers to do for validation. When firms represent something being "Proof of Reserve" when it's not, this is like a farmer growing fruit with pesticides and selling it in a farmers market as organic produce - except that these are people's hard-earned life savings at risk here. Platforms are misrepresenting the level of visibility in place and deceiving the public by their misuse of this term. They haven't proven anything.
Fraud isn't a problem that is unique to cryptocurrency. Fraud happens all the time. Enron, WorldCom, Nortel, Bear Stearns, Wells Fargo, Moser Baer, Wirecard, Bre-X, and Nicola are just some of the cases where frauds became large enough to become a big deal (and there are so many countless others). These all happened on 100% reversible assets despite regulations being in place. In many of these cases, the problems happened due to the over-complexity of the financial instruments. For example, Enron had "complex financial statements [which] were confusing to shareholders and analysts", creating "off-balance-sheet vehicles, complex financing structures, and deals so bewildering that few people could understand them". In cryptocurrency, we are often combining complex financial products with complex technologies and verification processes. We are naïve if we think problems like this won't happen. It is awkward and uncomfortable for many people to admit that they don't know how something works. If we want "money of the people" to work, the solutions have to be simple enough that "the people" can understand them, not so confusing that financial professionals and technology experts struggle to use or understand them.
For those who question the extent to which an organization can fool their way into a security consultancy role, HB Gary should be a great example to look at. Prior to trying to out anonymous, HB Gary was being actively hired by multiple US government agencies and others in the private sector (with glowing testimonials). The published articles and hosted professional security conferences. One should also look at this list of data breaches from the past 2 years. Many of them are large corporations, government entities, and technology companies. These are the ones we know about. Undoubtedly, there are many more that we do not know about. If HB Gary hadn't been "outted" by anonymous, would we have known they were insecure? If the same breach had happened outside of the public spotlight, would it even have been reported? Or would HB Gary have just deleted the Twitter posts, brought their site back up, done a couple patches, and kept on operating as though nothing had happened?
In the case of Quadriga, the facts are clear. Despite past experience with platforms such as MapleChange in Canada and others around the world, no guidance or even the most basic of a framework was put in place by regulators. By not clarifying any sort of legal framework, regulators enabled a situation where a platform could be run by former criminal Mike Dhanini/Omar Patryn, and where funds could be held fully unchecked by one person. At the same time, the lack of regulation deterred legitimate entities from running competing platforms and Quadriga was granted a money services business license for multiple years of operation, which gave the firm the appearance of legitimacy. Regulators did little to protect Canadians despite Quadriga failing to file taxes from 2016 onward. The entire administrative team had resigned and this was public knowledge. Many people had suspicions of what was going on, including Ryan Mueller, who forwarded complaints to the authorities. These were ignored, giving Gerald Cotten the opportunity to escape without justice.
There are multiple issues with the SOC II model including the prohibitive cost (you have to find a third party accounting firm and the prices are not even listed publicly on any sites), the requirement of operating for a year (impossible for new platforms), and lack of any public visibility (SOC II are private reports that aren't shared outside the people in suits).
Securities frameworks are expensive. Sarbanes-Oxley is estimated to cost $5.1 million USD/yr for the average Fortune 500 company in the United States. Since "Fortune 500" represents the top 500 companies, that means well over $2.55 billion USD (~$3.4 billion CAD) is going to people in suits. Isn't the problem of trust and verification the exact problem that the blockchain is supposed to solve?
To use Quadriga as justification for why custodians or SOC II or other advanced schemes are needed for platforms is rather silly, when any framework or visibility at all, or even the most basic of storage policies, would have prevented the whole thing. It's just an embarrassment.
We are now seeing regulators take strong action. CoinSquare in Canada with multi-million dollar fines. BitMex from the US, criminal charges and arrests. OkEx, with full disregard of withdrawals and no communication. Who's next?
We have a unique window today where we can solve these problems, and not permanently destroy innovation with unreasonable expectations, but we need to act quickly. This is a unique historic time that will never come again.
Kể từ khi Bitcoin xuất hiện vào năm 2009, nó đã trở thành cái mà mọi người nghĩ đến đầu tiên khi nhắc đến tiền điện tử hoặc blockchain. Các loại tiền điện tử như Bitcoin có tính biến động cao nhưng chúng dường như không biến mất trừ khi đánh sập toàn bộ hệ thống Internet trên thế giới. Ngày nay một Bitcoin có giá trị hàng nghìn đô la. Khi các loại tiền điện tử như Bitcoin tiếp tục tồn tại hoặc thậm chí tăng giá trị, các cá nhân rất có nhu cầu quan tâm đến việc sở hữu chúng nhưng điều quan trọng là họ muốn biết được cách lưu trữ Bitcoin một cách an toàn. Để đáp ứng nhu cầu của những người muốn đầu tư vào Bitcoin một cách an toàn, chúng tôi đã tập hợp một danh sách các thiết bị lưu trữ và hay còn gọi là các ví tiền ảo uy tín nhất. Có nhiều ví có tính năng rất tốt bao gồm khả năng lưu trữ nhiều loại tiền điện tử hơn mà không chỉ có Bitcoin, cũng như các biện pháp bảo mật bổ sung. Danh sách này không theo thứ tự cụ thể nào khác chỉ có đề cập đến ví nóng trước, nhưng điều đó không có nghĩa là ví nóng tốt hơn. Hiện tại, ví nóng được nhận xét là kém an toàn hơn để thực hiện các giao dịch nhanh chóng và ví lạnh là an toàn hơn để lưu trữ trong thời gian dài hơn. Trước hết chúng ta nên tìm hiểu về các khái niệm này trước khi chọn ví vì đó chính là chìa khóa để chọn được một phương tiện lưu trữ an toàn.
Các loại ví tiền ảo
Có 2 loại ví tiền ảo cơ bản đang được sử dụng trong thị trường lưu trữ tiền ảo.
Hot Wallets – Ví nóng
Ví trực tuyến còn được gọi là ví “nóng”. Ví nóng là ví chạy trên các thiết bị có kết nối internet như máy tính, điện thoại hoặc máy tính bảng. Điều này có thể tạo ra lỗ hổng bảo mật vì những ví này tạo ra khóa riêng cho tiền của bạn trên các thiết bị kết nối internet này. Mặc dù ví nóng có thể rất thuận tiện trong cách bạn có thể truy cập và thực hiện các giao dịch với tài sản của mình một cách nhanh chóng, nhưng chúng cũng thiếu bảo mật. Điều này nghe có vẻ xa vời, nhưng những người không sử dụng đủ bảo mật khi sử dụng các ví nóng này có thể bị đánh cắp tiền. Ví dụ: Khoe khoang trên một diễn đàn công khai như Reddit về số lượng Bitcoin bạn nắm giữ trong khi bạn đang sử dụng ít hoặc không có bảo mật cho ví của mình và lưu trữ nó trong một ví nóng sẽ không phải là điều khôn ngoan. Những ví này được sử dụng cho một lượng nhỏ tiền điện tử. Bạn có thể ví một ví nóng với một tài khoản séc. Sự khôn ngoan về tài chính thông thường cho rằng chỉ giữ tiền tiêu trong tài khoản séc trong khi phần lớn tiền của bạn nằm trong tài khoản tiết kiệm hoặc tài khoản đầu tư khác. Điều tương tự cũng có thể nói đối với ví nóng. Ví nóng bao gồm thiết bị di động, máy tính để bàn, web và hầu hết các ví lưu ký trao đổi. Điều quan trọng cần lưu ý ở đây là việc giữ tiền điện tử trong ví trao đổi không giống như giữ nó trong ví cá nhân của bạn. Ví trao đổi là tài khoản lưu ký do sàn giao dịch cung cấp. Người dùng của loại ví này không phải là người nắm giữ khóa cá nhân của tiền điện tử được giữ trong ví này. Nếu một sự kiện xảy ra khi sàn giao dịch bị tấn công hoặc tài khoản của bạn bị xâm phạm, tiền của bạn sẽ bị mất. Cụm từ “not your keys not your coin” là một khái niệm được lặp lại nhiều trong các diễn đàn tiền điện tử. Việc giữ một lượng lớn tiền điện tử trong bất kỳ ví nóng nào, đặc biệt là tài khoản trao đổi là không khôn ngoan. Mà thay vào đó, bạn nên rút phần lớn tiền về ví “lạnh” cá nhân của mình (giải thích bên dưới). Các “ví” trao đổi bao gồm Coinbase, Gemini, Binance và nhiều loại khác. Mặc dù các ví này được kết nối với Internet, có sự tấn công tiềm ẩn nhưng chúng vẫn rất hữu ích cho khả năng nhanh chóng thực hiện các giao dịch hoặc giao dịch tiền điện tử. https://preview.redd.it/ixb613gcljx51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=38b14e9069a3f727908f38abc7f42b21dabbe7f8 Các loại ví tiền ảo
Cold Wallets – Ví lạnh
Loại ví tiếp theo sẽ được đề cập ở đây là ví lạnh. Mô tả đơn giản nhất về ví lạnh là ví không được kết nối với Internet và do đó nguy cơ bị xâm phạm thấp hơn nhiều. Những ví này cũng có thể được gọi là ví ngoại tuyến hoặc ví cứng. Các ví này lưu trữ địa chỉ và khóa cá nhân của người dùng trên một thứ không được kết nối với Internet và thường đi kèm với phần mềm hoạt động song song để người dùng có thể xem danh mục đầu tư của họ mà không gây rủi ro cho khóa cá nhân của họ. Có lẽ cách an toàn nhất để lưu trữ tiền điện tử ngoại tuyến là thông qua ví giấy. Ví giấy là một ví mà bạn có thể tạo ra từ một số trang web nhất định. Sau đó, nó tạo ra cả khóa công khai và khóa riêng tư mà bạn in ra trên một tờ giấy. Khả năng truy cập tiền điện tử trong các địa chỉ này chỉ có thể thực hiện được nếu bạn có mảnh giấy đó. Nhiều người cán mỏng những chiếc ví giấy này và cất chúng trong két an toàn tại ngân hàng hoặc thậm chí trong két sắt trong nhà. Ví giấy không có giao diện người dùng tương ứng ngoài một tờ giấy, vì vậy với mục đích của bài viết này, chúng tôi tập trung vào các phương pháp lưu trữ lạnh khác như ví cứng. Ví cứng thường là một thiết bị USB lưu trữ khóa cá nhân của người dùng một cách an toàn. Điều này có lợi thế hơn so với ví nóng vì nó không bị ảnh hưởng bởi vi-rút có thể có trong máy tính của một người vì khóa riêng không bao giờ tiếp xúc với máy tính được kết nối mạng của bạn hoặc phần mềm có khả năng bị tấn công. Các thiết bị này cũng thường là mã nguồn mở, cho phép cộng đồng xác định độ an toàn của nó thay vì một công ty tuyên bố rằng nó an toàn để sử dụng. Ví lạnh là cách an toàn nhất để lưu trữ Bitcoin hoặc các loại tiền điện tử khác của bạn. Tuy nhiên chúng yêu cầu thêm một chút kiến thức để thiết lập. Điều cần thiết đối với bất kỳ ai quan tâm đến việc sở hữu tiền điện tử là tìm hiểu về cách lưu trữ an toàn và các khái niệm về cả ví nóng và ví lạnh. Một khi bạn nghĩ rằng bạn đã sẵn sàng để tiếp tục tìm hiểu thì các ví được liệt kê dưới đây là một số ví tiền ảo uy tín nhất trong ngành mà chúng tôi đã sưu tầm được.
Exodus – Một trong các ví tiền ảo tốt nhất cho người mới bắt đầu
Loại ví: Ví nóng
Chi phí mua: Miễn phí
Tương thích với ví cứng: Trezor
Trao đổi hợp nhất: Có
Exodus là một ví điện thoại di động và máy tính để bàn có giao diện người dùng rất đơn giản và tích hợp sẵn một sàn giao dịch. Một trong những tính năng phổ biến nhất của Exodus là khả năng hoán đổi giữa một số lượng ngày càng tăng các loại tiền điện tử. Exodus hiện cho phép hoán đổi giữa hơn 100 loại tiền điện tử khác nhau. Với sự đơn giản của nó, ví này rất phù hợp cho những người mới bắt đầu tham gia vào ngành tiền điện tử. Nó cũng có sự hỗ trợ tuyệt vời, đây là một tính năng cần thiết cho những người mới bắt đầu tham gia vào cái mà nhiều người sẽ coi là một thị trường khó hiểu. Mặc dù nó rất tốt cho người mới bắt đầu, nhưng những người dùng cao cấp hơn có thể thấy nó thiếu một số tính năng. Đầu tiên, Exodus là một ví mã nguồn đóng. Điều này đi ngược lại đặc điểm của ý tưởng về Bitcoin và blockchain và có thể tạo ra một số lo ngại về bảo mật vì mã của nó không mở cho mọi người xem. Thay vào đó, người dùng dựa vào nhóm Exodus để đảm bảo không có lỗ hổng nào trong bảo mật ví của họ.Exodus có tùy chọn phí tùy chỉnh ngoài việc tự động đặt phí để đảm bảo giao dịch hoàn tất nhanh chóng. Ưu điểm
Nhiều loại tiền điện tử
Trao đổi tích hợp
Hỗ trợ khách hàng tốt
Mã nguồn đóng
Electrum – Ví tiền ảo tốt nhất cho người dùng nâng cao quan tâm đến Bitcoin
Loại ví: Ví nóng
Chi phí mua: Miễn phí
Tương thích với ví cứng: thiết bị Trezor và Ledger
Trao đổi hợp nhất: Không
Electrum là một trong những ví Bitcoin ban đầu. Nó đã xuất hiện từ năm 2011, hai năm sau khi Bitcoin được tạo ra và đã thay đổi rất ít kể từ đó. Mặc dù ví này còn sơ khai về giao diện người dùng và cam kết chỉ dành cho Bitcoin, nhưng nó lại vượt trội ở chức năng chính này. Electrum cũng phù hợp hơn với người dùng cao cấp do các tùy chọn phức tạp của nó. Electrum sử dụng mã nguồn mở, cho phép người dùng đặt phí giao dịch tùy chỉnh và có tùy chọn để chọn giữa Bitcoin kế thừa và Segwit. Nó cũng cung cấp cho người dùng khả năng xác định mức độ bảo mật mà họ muốn sử dụng. Ví dụ: bạn có thể tạo ví tiêu chuẩn, ví có xác thực hai yếu tố hoặc ví đa chữ ký. Electrum là ví hoàn hảo cho người nắm giữ Bitcoin cao cấp hơn, những người muốn có các tính năng bảo mật tuyệt vời và khả năng tùy chỉnh trong một bố cục đơn giản. Ưu điểm
Khả năng đặt phí giao dịch tùy chỉnh
Mức độ bảo mật cao hơn hầu hết các ví nóng
Khả năng tùy chỉnh Seed Phrase
Giao diện người dùng rất cơ bản
Chỉ hoạt động với Bitcoin
Không hỗ trợ khách hàng
Mycelium – Một trong các ví tiền ảo tốt nhất cho người dùng di động
Loại ví: Ví nóng
Chi phí mua: Miễn phí
Tương thích với ví cứng: thiết bị Trezor và Ledger
Trao đổi hợp nhất: Có
Mycelium là một ví Bitcoin có mã nguồn mở và chỉ dành cho thiết bị di động. Mycelium hiện chỉ hỗ trợ Bitcoin. Về mặt nào đó, Mycelium khá giống với ví Electrum với một số điểm khác biệt là nó chỉ dành cho thiết bị di động còn giao diện người dùng được làm mới hơn ví Electrum và cũng có một sàn tiền ảo tích hợp. Mycelium giống như Electrum là một trong những ví xuất hiện sớm hơn trong ngành tiền ảo. Cũng giống như Electrum, người dùng có thể đặt phí giao dịch tùy chỉnh để có thể chọn khoảng thời gian bạn sẵn sàng đợi giao dịch được hoàn thành. Mycelium cũng có một số tính năng thú vị hơn như hỗ trợ ví cứng, cho phép người dùng giữ Bitcoin của họ trong thiết bị lưu trữ ngoại tuyến trong khi vẫn sử dụng giao diện người dùng của Mycelium để xem tài sản của họ. Ưu điểm
Khả năng đặt phí giao dịch tùy chỉnh
Khả năng sử dụng ví phần cứng
Phần mềm mã nguồn mở
Chỉ sử dụng được trên điện thoại di động
Chỉ hoạt động với Bitcoin
Có thể gây nhầm lẫn cho người dùng lần đầu
Ledger Nano X – Ví cứng tốt nhất
Loại ví: Ví lạnh
Chi phí mua: $ 119
Trao đổi hợp nhất: Không
Ledger Nano X là ví cứng thế hệ thứ hai của Ledger, một công ty của Pháp đã tham gia vào ngành tiền điện tử trong vài năm. Sản phẩm đầu tiên của Ledger là Ledger Nano S, một trong những ví cứng đầu tiên trên thị trường và đã thống trị ngành tiền ảo trong một số năm. Nano X giống một chiếc USB và kết nối với thiết bị của bạn qua cổng USB hoặc Bluetooth. Điều này có nghĩa là bạn có thể kết nối ví với thiết bị iOS hoặc Android của mình và không cần máy tính. Nó hỗ trợ tốt hơn 1.500 loại tiền điện tử. Danh sách này tiếp tục tăng lên mỗi năm khi cộng đồng yêu cầu hỗ trợ cho các loại tiền điện tử yêu thích của họ. Mặc dù bản thân thiết bị là một chiếc ví cứng lưu trữ lạnh nhưng nhóm Ledger đã tạo ra phần mềm Ledger Live cung cấp giao diện người dùng cho tất cả tài sản của bạn. Điều này cung cấp cho người dùng khả năng thêm ví mới cho các loại tiền điện tử khác nhau vào thiết bị của họ và quản lý danh mục đầu tư của họ. Ví cứng Ledger đã và đang là ví phổ biến nhất trong ngành. Ledger cũng đi kèm với cáp USB Type-C để nó có thể được kết nối với máy tính để bàn hoặc điện thoại thông minh nếu không dùng được Bluetooth. Ưu điểm
Ledger Live có giao diện người dùng trực quan và tiện lợi
Có thể có tới 100 ứng dụng khác nhau được lưu trữ đồng thời
Phần mềm nguồn mở với lợi ích bổ sung là hỗ trợ khách hàng và cộng đồng
Sự thuận tiện khi kết nối Bluetooth
Một số người trong cộng đồng tiền điện tử tin rằng tích hợp Bluetooth là một phương thức tấn công tiềm ẩn, mặc dù có thể lựa chọn USB
Tính năng Bluetooth tăng thêm sự tiện lợi nhưng không mượt mà
Thiết bị Ledger chỉ cho phép bạn lưu trữ đồng thời một số lượng ví nhất định
Trezor Model T – Ví tiền ảo tốt nhất để lưu trữ một số lượng lớn tiền điện tử
Loại ví: Ví lạnh
Chi phí mua: $ 170
Trao đổi hợp nhất: Có
Trezor giống như Ledger, là một cái tên đồng nghĩa với lưu trữ ví lạnh tiền điện tử. Model T của nó là thế hệ thứ hai của ví cứng mà họ đã tạo ra. Trezor Model T rất giống với Ledger, nhưng nó cung cấp cho người dùng khả năng truy cập các sàn giao dịch của bên thứ ba như Changelly và Shapeshift, trực tiếp trong giao diện trang web của nó. Mặc dù điều này khá thuận tiện nhưng nó khó có thể biện minh cho mức giá đắt hơn 170 đô la của mình. Model T sử dụng màn hình cảm ứng, có thể dễ sử dụng cho người mới bắt đầu hơn so với các nút mà Model trước đã sử dụng. Trezor cũng có một khe cắm thẻ MicroSD, cho phép bạn sử dụng thẻ MicroSD để mã hóa mã PIN và bảo vệ thiết bị của bạn khỏi các cuộc tấn công. Giống như Ledger Nano X, Trezor Model T cũng đi kèm với cáp USB Type-C để bạn có thể kết nối với điện thoại thông minh hoặc máy tính để bàn của mình. Hiện tại, Trezor Model T hỗ trợ gần 1.400 loại tiền điện tử khác nhau. Một số người cho rằng Model T an toàn hơn một chút so với Ledger Nano X do kết nối Bluetooth. Điều đó nói rằng, người dùng Ledger có thể chỉ cần tránh sử dụng Bluetooth nếu họ muốn an toàn hơn. Ưu điểm
Giao diện người dùng dựa trên web với các trao đổi được tích hợp sẵn
Một danh sách khổng lồ các loại tiền điện tử được hỗ trợ
Phần mềm mã nguồn mở với lợi ích bổ sung là hỗ trợ khách hàng và cộng đồng
Không giới hạn số lượng ví bạn có thể có đồng thời
Mặc dù nó là một ví cứng tuyệt vời, nhưng giá của nó có vẻ hơi cao
Màn hình cảm ứng nhỏ có thể khiến bạn khó gõ
Ví cứng có thể gây nhầm lẫn cho người dùng lần đầu tiên
Ledger Nano S: Lựa chọntốt nhất cho túi tiền của bạn
Loại ví: Ví lạnh
Chi phí mua: $ 59
Trao đổi hợp nhất: Không
Ledger Nano S là thế hệ ví cứng đầu tiên được Ledger giới thiệu. Nó cũng là một trong những ví cứng đầu tiên từng được tạo ra. Nó tiếp nối ngay sau thế hệ đầu tiên của Trezor. Giống như người kế nhiệm, Nano S tương thích với hàng nghìn loại tiền điện tử. Nano S không đi kèm với cáp USB type-C, vì vậy người dùng sử dụng điện thoại thông minh hiện đại hơn có thể gặp khó khăn khi kết nối với thiết bị của họ. Nano S về cơ bản giống với người kế nhiệm của nó là Nano X ở chỗ nó hỗ trợ cùng một danh sách các loại tiền điện tử và có quyền truy cập vào phần mềm Ledger Live. Các tính năng mà nó thiếu là kết nối Bluetooth và bạn có thể có bao nhiêu ví đồng thời hoạt động trên thiết bị của mình. Với Nano X, người dùng có thể lưu trữ đồng thời 100 ví. Với Nano S, bạn chỉ có thể lưu trữ tối đa 18. Nano S chỉ có đủ dung lượng lưu trữ để tạo ví cho một số lượng tiền điện tử giới hạn tại một thời điểm. Nếu bạn xóa ví để thêm một loại tiền điện tử khác, bạn sẽ không mất tiền điện tử trong ví mà bạn đã xóa. Điều này là do tiền điện tử đó được lưu trữ trực tiếp trên blockchain. Ví đã xóa và tiền điện tử trong đó vẫn có thể được nhìn thấy trong Ledger Live, nhưng ví sẽ không được nhìn thấy trên chính thiết bị Ledger. Điều này có nghĩa là nếu bạn muốn gửi hoặc nhận từ ví bạn đã xóa, bạn có thể phải xóa ví khác để có thêm dung lượng. Điều đó nói rằng, Ledger Nano S vẫn là một chiếc ví tuyệt vời cho những người muốn lưu trữ tiền điện tử của họ một cách an toàn với một mức giá hợp lý. Nó cũng khá dễ sử dụng với Ledger Live, làm cho nó trở thành một sản phẩm lý tưởng cho người mới bắt đầu tìm kiếm cách lưu trữ an toàn và đơn giản cho một số ít tiền điện tử. Ưu điểm
Ledger Live có giao diện người dùng trực quan và tiện lợi
Lưu trữ tiền điện tử an toàn với mức giá thấp
Phần mềm mã nguồn mở với lợi ích bổ sung là hỗ trợ khách hàng và cộng đồng
Chỉ có thể lưu trữ tối đa 18 ví cùng một lúc
Nano S không có tính năng Bluetooth
Các ví tiền ảo ra đời nhằm đáp ứng nhu cầu lưu trữ an toàn các đồng tiền ảo. Vì vậy là một nhà đầu tư thông minh và có tầm nhìn bạn nên biết cách phối hợp để sử dụng các ví tiền ảo này một cách hiệu quả và tiết kiệm nhất. Không nhất thiết lúc nào cũng phải sử dụng ví lạnh và cũng không phải vì tiết kiệm mà chỉ chăm chăm sử dụng ví nóng. Điều quan trọng là không nên để hết trứng vào cùng một rổ, đó là kinh nghiệm lưu trữ và cất giữ tiền mà từ xưa ông cha ta đã chỉ dạy. Đối với tiền ảo cũng không ngoại lệ. Hy vọng bài viết về các ví tiền ảo uy tín trên đây sẽ giúp bạn đọc có thêm kiến thức và thông tin về việc lựa chọn và sử dụng ví tiền ảo. Đừng quên cập nhật mới nhất các tin tức về thị trường tiền ảo trong nước và trên thế giới. Xem thêm: Sàn giao dịch tiền ảo uy tín trên thế giới – Top 4 sàn của năm
BitOffer Asset Custody BUIDL, Customized for Whales and Cryptocurrency Enthusiasts
https://preview.redd.it/j7qbnuuu08w51.png?width=3201&format=png&auto=webp&s=b2f3e4d22e22363dd0329804fbfdb536a4f430b9 The year 2020 is unusual as the COVID-19 attacked, the economic growth slowed down while the international business was gloomy and the financial market became much more volatile. Under the situation above, panic has been the main emotion when people are calling for a stable investment with high returns urgently to grow their asset value gradually. After fully understanding this demand, BitOffer and Goldman Sachs Asian team launched the first cryptocurrency guaranteed fund. With 2-year preparation in strategic layout, BitOffer will build a luxurious asset custody ecosystem to provide customized wealth management products for whales and cryptocurrency enthusiasts. Though most exchanges were focusing on spot trading and futures trading, BitOffer anticipated that the market of derivatives still had a huge blank to fill. Thus, the first Bitcoin American Options, Bitcoin Ups & Downs, Dual-currency, etc. were launched by BitOffer. As 2 years gone by, BitOffer has become the most renowned Bitcoin Options provider with 100 million USD trading volume that is created by 100 thousand worldwide members. Even though, those data never stops being refreshed. Finally, most exchanges started noticing that the cryptocurrency derivative market still has a huge blank. However, the team of BitOffer saw something others never noticed again. As the economy developed, people’s net worth improved. Since then, the demand for asset management has been desired to a much more expected extent. Asset Custody will be destined in the future. Though, the annualized yield of the products which are provided by the banking, financial institutions, and cryptocurrency exchanges is normally low and floating. The demand for human beings cannot be satisfied. Overall, on Oct 23rd, BitOffer and Goldman Sachs Asian team launch the first cryptocurrency guaranteed fund which gives a 20% annualized yield. As it guarantees investors’ original investment, it means the 20% APY can be made with 0 risks. The main strategies of the fund are Quantitative Arbitrage, Quantitative Hedge and High-frequency trading, etc. Compared with other Competitive Products: Asset Servicing on Huobi Global: 7% Annualized Yield (Non-guaranteed), Binance Earn: About 6% Annualized Yield (Non-guaranteed), COBO: 5% Annualized Yield (Non-guaranteed) BitOffer Quantitative Fund: 20% Annualized Yield (Capital & Interest Guaranteed) After a simple comparison, we can see the return of the BitOffer Quantitative Fund is 3 times higher than that of others. Moreover, to guarantee investors’ original investment and interests, BitOffer Quantitative team shall do great in Quantitative and Arbitrage. Lucian, the Chief Analyst of BitOffer, said “QA Fund is the first step to the field of asset custody. BitOffer owns a leading R&D and risk-control team. When BitOffer just launched, we have set up the blueprint for future development. In addition, BitOffer does not offer OTC trading, which means that BitOffer will never trigger any regulatory issues in any country. At the same time, BitOffer uses multiple wallets which separated into Cold Wallet and Hot Wallet, which can efficiently protect users’ assets from any risk. BitOffer is one of the safest Bitcoin exchanges.”. Until now, BitOffer has served 4,000 institutions and more than 100 thousand users with their professional asset custody. Besides, BitOffer also provided customized Bitcoin wealth management products for Bitcoin Holders. The Dual-Currency provided by BitOffer offers the highest APY (which reaches 1,000%) than that of the same product on other exchanges. Recently, BitOffer even cooperated with Goldman Sachs and launched BitOffer Quantitative Fund which guarantees investors’ funds and interest. In 2 years, BitOffer will keep building the most innovative asset custody ecosystem. To seize the initiative, BitOffer will keep developing and improving its own technique and service. In the near future, BitOffer will also provide a One-stop STO service: users will be able to trade or complete asset custody on truly their own wallets. It would be the trend to obey the regulation policy, and also the trend of the cryptocurrency financial ecosystem. The STO market would be pegged with real assets, it shall be a potential market of which value cannot be estimated. On the occasion, BitOffer will become the leader of the whole cryptocurrency derivatives market.
Best places to trade your Ripple/XRP (longer read)
In the past when you heard the word ‘cryptocurrency’, the first thing that came to everyone’s minds was Bitcoin. To some, this is still the case; they believe that Bitcoin is the cryptocurrency and the vice versa to also be true. Of course, the statement is correct in one way; Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, but cryptocurrency is not made up of only Bitcoin but a host of other currencies. One of these currencies is Ripple. When it comes to the top five cryptocurrencies with the highest capitalization, Ripple needs no introduction as it has managed to secure a position of being the third most traded cryptocurrency around the world. Perhaps this is due to the fact that Ripple is the only cryptocurrency with a backing from traditional legacy financial institutions. In addition, the coin has been integrated into the operation of thousands of small businesses around the world. At this juncture, it is only fair that you learn how to be a part of this great innovation. Thankfully, that is what this guide is all about, showing you some of the best trading platforms for Ripple. There are numerous exchanges that offer decent exchange rates and well-matched trading pairs, but I’ll only narrow down to some of our best picks to help you get started fast.
What is Ripple (XRP)?
Ripple is a cryptocurrency, a currency exchange, a real-time gross settlement payment system, and a remittance network powered by Ripple. As I mentioned before, this is the third most capitalized cryptocurrency asset after Bitcoin and Ethereum. XRP allows enterprises such as banks and other financial service providers to offer their clients a reliable option to source for liquidity for cross-border currency transactions. Ripple is a distributed, open-source platform that seeks to capitalize on the weaknesses of the conventional money payment systems such as credit and debit cards, PayPal, bank transfers, among others. According to Ripple, these payment systems expose users to a lot of transaction delays and restrict the fluidity of currencies. The platform aims at replacing traditional payment systems through offering a faster, safer, and more convenient alternative for making payments. Both the platform’s exchange and tokens are called Ripple, and their mantra states one frictionless experience to send money globally.
Where Can I Trade XRP?
Most exchanges that trade Ripple are limited to crypto-to-crypto transactions. This means that you can only trade Ripple with another cryptocurrency and not fiat currencies such as the euro or the dollar. You’ll need to acquire the currency you wish to trade with XRP on a platform that accepts fiat, and once that happens, you can proceed to trade the two currencies. There are several great platforms that offer XRP trading; below are just a few:
Buying XRP on Binance
Buying XRP on Bittrex
Just like on Binance, you’ll need to create an account on Bittrex to get started. The process is pretty much straightforward, only requiring you to sign up using your email address and password. Once you’re done signing up, click on the wallet tab. You will be taken to a page where you can view all the deposit addresses of the cryptocurrencies on the Bittrex platform. You can then choose the currency to use to purchase XRP, after which, you will be required to type in the code of the currency you will be using to purchase Ripple. If you’re using Ethereum, you can type in the search bar “ETH” and then click on the green arrow to reveal the deposit address. In case you will be sending the funds from a different exchange, you’ll need to paste the address to that platform. Next, you’ll need to send funds to your Bittrex account. Bittrex permits payments using both fiat and cryptocurrencies. So, depending on what you will be using, send money to your online wallet and proceed to trade it with Ripple.
Buying XRP on Changelly
Changelly is another Ripple exchange that requires you to use either Bitcoin or Ethereum to acquire XRP. The exchange doesn’t have an inbuilt wallet, so you’ll need to store your funds on a separate hardware or software wallet. You can pretty much use any type of wallet, but the most secure ones are the hardware ones as they store your coins in an offline cold storage area. Ripple prefers not to have many unutilized accounts being set up on its platform; this is why you’ll need to have a minimum of 20 XRP in your account for you to get started. However, if your first transaction will be more than 20 XRP, then you’re all set. Once you have a wallet ready for your Ripple, head to the Changelly site and click on “input currency”. Here, you will be able to enter the currency you wish to trade for Ripple. You can basically pick and use any coin listed on the site, but it is highly recommended that you use either Bitcoin or Ethereum due to their high liquidity. The output section will have Ripple, which is the currency you wish to receive. The next step will require you to key in your XRP address, which is your Ripple address and the destination tag, which is a description of the transaction. You can now proceed to trade your chosen coins for Ripple. The transaction shouldn’t take long, and you will be able to receive the coins in your Ripple wallet.
Cryptmixer is a platform that assists users to swap XRP with 5 other assets freely. The interface lets users convert assets directly from one’s wallet, without having to create an account or register. Besides, the service helps to compare different providers and find a suitable deal for handling Ripple transactions securely, rapidly, and at the best rate. The process of using Cryptmixer is quite simple:
Go to the main page, choose the currency you’d like to swap, and enter the amount.
Choose XRP to receive.
Review the amount to see how much you will receive. Cryptmixer will automatically find the best rates for your trade.
Then, enter the wallet address that you wish to use.
Send in the deposit to the generated wallet address and wait for the transaction to be processed.
What makes Cryptmixer a great fit is that it provides a very simple layout and quick process so it’s not chore when you trade your crypto. The support line also takes on the job of solving the cases by cooperating with users with top priority. To learn more on how to exchange XRP at the best rate check https://cryptmixer.com
Buying XRP on Coinmama
Coinmama is a cryptocurrency exchange that has been around for quite a while now. The Coinmama team has been adding more coins on their platform over time to be able to provide its users with a wider variety of trading pairs. More recently, the platform included Ripple on its platform. However, Coinmama does not allow US-based users to purchase Ripple due to some stringent laws and regulations surrounding the coin. But for non-US users, you can proceed to create your account on the platform and locate Ripple among the listed assets. Once you’ve created your account, navigate your way to the area with the list of assets. Select one of the provided packages and proceed. You’re required to have a crypto wallet prior to making any purchase on the platform, so be sure to have a valid wallet address before completing the purchase. Once that’s done, purchase your Ripple coins and they will be delivered to your wallet.
Storing Your Ripple Coins
Online storages are never safe for cryptocurrency assets. Individuals have woken up to all sort of horrific sceneries on their accounts that left them bankrupt with no one to turn to. One of the most important concepts you need to grasp about online businesses is the security of your transactions. Cryptocurrency burglars are everywhere and are getting smarter by the day; this means that traditional ways of guaranteeing the security of your online assets are no longer effective. Most exchanges have top-notch security standards, but the safety of your cryptos begins with you. A great way of ensuring that your funds are secure is by getting an offline storage device for your coins. I’ve seen great reviews on two hardware wallets that I highly recommend; these are the Ledger Nano S and Trezor wallets. After getting the wallet of your choice, keep your personal data such as passwords and secret words private; this will ensure that no one else gains access to your wallet even if you misplace it. Writing your password or PIN on open places or somewhere in your phone might not be a good idea; yes, it may be convenient for you, but it will be for the burglar too.
What method of purchasing XRP is considered to be the best?
The most secure and common way of acquiring Ripple is through buying Ethereum or Bitcoin from Coinbase or Coinmama, then transferring the same to Cryptmixer to use to exchange with Ripple. This is because Ripple is currently not available for purchase by using fiat currencies.
What is the best trading platform for Ripple?
Ripple is available on a decent number of exchanges including Binance, Coinmama, Coinbase, Bittrex, Cryptmixer, and more. However, among the stated ones, I have found Cryptmixer to be more secure and easier to use while it also offers the best trading rates and fees.
The Bottom Line
As we conclude, you now have some of the best choices when it comes to the exchange to acquire Ripple coins. After buying your XRP coins, store them offline on a secure device due to the risk of being faced by threats such as hacking or system failures. If you’re serious about making cryptocurrency your investment vehicle in the long run, consider investing in a more lasting security solution such as a hardware storage device. You may not get them for a few pennies, but trust me when I say they are worth every last dime you spend on them.
How DAO users can truly control their voting rights
https://blockchaintopbuzz.medium.com/how-dao-users-can-truly-control-their-voting-rights-f945c9c6b65e Aelf proposed a solution that gives the control of the voting rights back to users by classifying token permissions. As of today, there are still few complete businesses. In addition to mining and building trading platforms, it is difficult to create a complete business model. Moreover, various trading platforms have gradually grown into enterprises with comprehensive products in the blockchain industry, including wallets, nodes, lending, mining pools, etc. At the same time, cloud services can reduce the cost of building small exchanges, but they can also lead to big trading platforms monopolizing data. For example, some Internet companies provide free cloud services in order to collect more valuable data. Currently, Ethereum, which has the richest DeFi ecosystem, is gradually upgrading to V2.0, and its consensus protocol will also be upgraded to PoS. Governance voting can be regarded as the most important feature in the PoS ecosystem. This year, Yearn.Finance rose to sudden prominence. But due to the governance problem, its community members initiated a hard fork, resulting in YFII. Another DeFi project, YAM, had a unfixable rebase function error. The founding team apologized for the error and announced a ‘Migration Plan’, which will turn the project over to the community. For a while, governance voting became all the rage. However, the increasingly bigger trading platforms have been criticized by users in governance voting. Is there a proper solution to handling the relationship between the trading platform and governance voting?
What will we lose when trading platforms monopolize the blockchain industry?
In June 2018, during the BP node election before the EOS mainnet launch, node voting began to have a crisis of confidence between token holders and the trading platform. it is widely believed that the top 20 holders of trading platform wallets held about 40% of all the EOS in circulation. Since then, many trading platforms have enabled the “User Authorization” interface. EOS holders can authorize the token voting rights to the trading platform, who will vote on behalf of the users. The rule caused a backlash from users, forcing these trading platforms to change the rule immediately so that EOS holders could vote on their preferred BP nodes. After the EOS BP node votes, whether the trading platform has the token voting right has been occasionally discussed, but fewhave noticed it. Two years later, Justin Sun, founder of TRON, made a commercial acquisition of Steemit, a decentralized social networking platform. After the acquisition was announced, the Steemit community launched a soft fork to resist the project being controlled by TRON. However, Justin Sun voted with the support of trading platforms such as Binance, Huobi and Poloniex to prevent a soft fork. After being questioned by users, Binance and Huobi said that they would no longer interfere in the voting of the Steemit community. However, hkdev 404 of the Steem community again reveived votes from Huobi accounts. It is said that nearly 40 million votes were cast during the incident, accounting for about 10% of the total circulation of STEEM tokens. There is no doubt that when the trading platform monopolizes the industry, we will lose our voting right. How do we defend our voting rights The fact that the ownership of the tokens belongs to the holders is indisputable, but what about the voting rights of the tokens deposited on the trading platform? How can we defend our voting rights after trading platforms have monopolized the industry?
Trading Platform Model
Traditional centralized trading platforms will assign to each user a separate deposit address. After depositing, the depositedamount will be added into the cold wallet and hot wallet. When users want to withdraw their tokens, the trading platform will transfer the tokens out of the hot wallet. If there is insufficient balance in the hot wallet, then the tokens will be transferred from the cold wallet to the hot wallet, and then be withdrawn. Under the traditional centralized trading platform model, once users transfer their tokens into a trading platform, it means thetoken ownership (including voting rights) is also transferred to that trading platform. The aelf solution: classify token permissions and claim back voting rights For the issue of “voting rights” between token holders and centralized trading platforms, aelf, a decentralized cloud computing blockchain network, has proposed a solution: to establish an aelf Centre Asset Management Contract on the chain. The contract can limit the funds entering the exchange and define different permissions to control the assets. The main feature of the aelf Centre Asset Management Contract is to create the “Main Virtual Address of the Trading Platform”. Each exchange has a main virtual address, which can only be used for transfer operation, but not for voting, trading and other operations. As a result, the exchange cannot misappropriate users’ assets for voting. At the same time, the assets of the primary virtual address are publicly available on the chain, which makes it more difficult for the exchange to misappropriate assets. At the same time, the aelf Centre Asset Management Contract also has the function of “address definition”. The exchange can open different permissions to different addresses, such as opening different permissions according to the amount, transactions exceeding a certain amount can only be given the greenlight by using multiple signatures, and the assets can be frozen through the contract when the assets of the trading platform are stolen, etc. For the users of the trading platform, the access of the trading platform to the aelf Center Asset Management Contract function will not undermine user experience. The virtual system address of the aelf Center Asset Management Contract will assign a virtual address to each user, which offers the same user experience as the traditional mode. For the trading platform, each deposit address constructed by the virtual address system is generated by the algorithm and does not need to be carried out on the blockchain. This means that the trading platform does not need to manage a large number of private keys, and there is no risk that the private keys will be lost. On the most important “voting rights” issue, the aelf Center Asset Management Contract will assign to each user a separate virtual address for voting: Voting address = Hash (Exchange Main Address + Token + “VOTE”) Voting process: the tokens are transferred from the main virtual address of the exchange to the special “voting address” for voting, and are then voted. After voting, the tokens are withdrawn from the voting address back to the main virtual address. We can see that the aelf Centre Asset Management Contract proposed by aelf can improve the efficiency of the trading platform without affecting user experience. In addition, it solves the problem that users would lose their voting rights. According to the data on Crypto Mode, the market value of PoS tokens has exceeded $33 billion without counting Ethereum. In the field of crypto, it is the biggest ecosystem next to Bitcoin. The most important function of PoS is vote staking. faced with bigtrading platforms, if the status quo continues, retail investors will gradually lose their “voting rights” that belong to them. Comparison of Market Value of PoS tokens (Source: Crypto Mode) The emergence of DAO offers an alternative to trading platforms who misappropriate users’ tokens, but it still can not change this situation. Of course, DAO will not die out. Small communities will still use DAO for community governance. The idea behind the design of aelf is to start from the underlying trading platform and solve this issue at the source. Whether the solution can work still takes time. However, as a member of the crypto industry, we should understand the importance of “voting rights”, and cannot allow the exchange to seize our rights at will. Recently, aelf has also announced its DeFi plan, which includes a new blockchain 3.0 project with a large number of new technical features, such as cross chain function, virtual address and cloud services. Aelf also proposed a set of interoperability solutions with ERC-20 tokens. It can directly access the ETH ecosystem, allow ETH-based applications and wallets to directly access it, and maintain the interoperability with ETH. And aelf will provide a high-performance smart contract operation platform and cloud services that can support cross chain interaction. Users on major cloud servers can easily run aelf’s services and adjust the scale of cloud according to their own business needs. The implementation of a slew of tools, cloud services and interoperability solutions developed by aelf means that centralized transactions can be directly connected to the aelf network, realizing one-click adaptation to the DeFi ecosystem. With aelf, CeFi and DeFi are able to learn from and complement each other.
The Nano Faucet Distribution: Visualized and Analyzed
It's no secret that Nano had a unique distribution. Unlike Bitcoin, Nano (then Raiblocks) had 100% of its supply minted in the Genesis block, which was then subsequently distributed via a Captcha faucet. However, the nature of this distribution has largely been unknown to the general public due to well... no one looking into it, I suppose. That is, until now. Thanks to community member Renesq, the initial faucet distribution can finally be audited for the first time without the development of internal tools. So I took the data, and analyzed it. Before I share the data, there is one important thing to note. This analysis is of standalone addresses only, not entities. It is very difficult to prove how many separate Nano addresses make up a single entity. It can be done, but this requires a much more complex chain analysis which is out of the scope of this investigation, such as linking different accounts together by following the chain to specific exchange deposit addresses. However, I think this is a good starting point to give us an idea of what the faucet distribution looked like, even if it isn't perfect. This is the distribution graph. The distribution graph can be read as follows: Say you look at the point (10,000, 0.65), That means the top 10,000 accounts farmed 65% of the max supply. Conversely, the point (80,000, 0.97) means the top 80,000 accounts farmed 97% of the max supply. Another thing to note, is that I removed exchanges like Binance from the current normalized distribution. This is because we don't know who within the hot/cold wallets owns the Nano. However, I should stress that the exchange excluded and exchange included normalizations are nearly identical, so it doesn't really matter in this case. From this graph, I think it's safe to say that the faucet distribution was not rigged as people worry about. Or at least, it can point people in the right direction for a more in depth analysis. As you can see, the distribution has become more centralized over time due to accumulation. Now for some more statistics:
The median faucet user got 192.76 Nano from the faucet, which was worth $7,132 at the peak.
There were a total of 130,814 faucet receive addresses, and probably just about that many faucet users (real people) that used the faucet.
The biggest faucet recipient received 1,724,105 Nano, likely from abusing the Captchas at the very beginning. These types of accounts appear to be very rare and they seem to have sold much of their Nano long before the initial runup in 2017.
Where's My Money? Deposits And Withdrawals At Blockfi, Celsius, Crypto.Com And Nexo Compared
Does your crypto show up in your account? And can you get it back? Looking through 100+ complaints about deposits and withdrawals, the insights are obvious but good to know...
More often than not, problems do get fixed (> 50%). For *ALL* companies.
Certain alt coins are more likely to have problems. Either because
- They require additional information like tags (XRP, XLM) - Had major software changes (BCH, BNB, DAI / MCD, ADA) So if you're going to move one of these coins, make sure to not forget the extra information or wait a few weeks after the change (to give these companies time to get caught up).
Transactions sometimes take hours to complete. Problems take days and weeks to fix.
Raw data is below, organized by company and whether it seems the complaint was resolved. Some important notes to consider
Posts about waiting a few hours for a transaction to complete were not counted. Many times (most of the time?) when it takes more than 20 minutes, nothing is broken. E.g. High gas fees on the ethereum network will mean slower processing times for stable coins and other ERC-20 tokens. Less popular tokens, like GUSD, might require people manually going into cold storage. Large (> $30,000 USD) transactions require additional verification. If it takes > 8 hours then yes something is not right. And you should email support and start posting. Otherwise sit tight.
Comments from different people on the same post saying they have the same problem were not counted for "scores". Most of these comments don't add useful information and make it harder to collect the data.
Posts about fiat belong to a different category because a very different set of skills and software features are needed to safely move around dollars, euros, etc. This post is about whether or not your coins are likely to get lost or be unreachable.
I asked "Did this get fixed?" to a lot of people who posted about problems. Not only to see how things turned out. Also to generate a possible data point about the quality of the post. I.e. Trolls and other "special" people venting online can be identified by not bothering to follow up or respond to questions. I also hope this encourages people to not forget to follow up a few weeks later and share a final outcome - good or bad.
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